What is PMKVY 2.0?
The Union Cabinet approved India’s largest Skill Certification Scheme, PMKVY, on 20 March, 2015. The scheme was subsequently launched on 15 July 2015, on the occasion of World Youth Skills Day by Honourable Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi. PMKVY is implemented by NSDC under the guidance of the MSDE. 17.95 lakh people completed fresh trainings and 1.8 lakh people were up-skilled as part of RPL trainings in PMKVY-1. Owing to its successful first year implementation, the Union Cabinet has approved the Scheme for another four years (2016 - 2020) to impart skilling to 10 million youth of the country. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (2016 - 2020) called as PMKVY 2.0 is a modified and improved version of PMKVY-1. It is now the flagship outcome-based Skill Training Scheme of the MSDE. The objective of this scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood. Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
What is PMKVY-CSSM?
One of the objectives of MSDE is the engagement and capacity building of States for partnering with the Ministry in its skill development initiatives. This is critical as.
a) The implementation of the schemes happens in the States and the involvement of the States in scheme implementation support and monitoring is expected to significantly improve the effectiveness and efficiencies of these initiatives
b) The states are better placed to articulate the skilling needs for state specific economic activities. Their involvement would enable taking up specific skill development training that cater to the local demand and aspirations
c) It would increase the capacity and capability of the existing nationwide skill development system thus supporting equitable access for all
d) It will support the training and capacity building initiatives for state specific traditional skills
With this view of involvement of states in skill development initiatives, MSDE is carrying out the following steps:
a) NSDC has set up 12 regional offices that is working closely with State SSDMs
b) The PMKVY 2.0 Scheme is being implemented by the Centre along with the States. It has two components
i. Centrally Sponsored Centrally Managed (CSCM): 75% of the PMKVY 2.0 funds are available to MSDE for skilling through National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)
ii. Centrally Sponsored State Managed (CSSM): 25% of the funds of PMKVY 2.0 are allocated to the States