In pursuance of the recommendation of the All India Council for Technical Education, the Government of India in the Ministry of Labour Resolution No. RTA-428(5)/dated the 22nd May, 1951, appointed a committee called the National Trade Certification Investigation Committee with instructions to prepare a scheme for the establishment of an All India Trades Board which would award certificates of proficiency to craftsmen in the various engineering and building trades. The report of this committee and also the recommendation of the Training and Employment Services Organisation Committee (known as the Shiva Rao Committee) have been considered by the Government of India. The Government agreed with both the committees that there is a need for setting up a central agency for co-ordinating the training programmes in the country bringing about uniformity of standards and awarding certificates of proficiency in craftsmanship on an All India basis. Such a step is in the interest of both the industry and the workers in as much as it ensures that the holders of National Certificates possess a minimum recognised degree of skill. In addition, it facilitates mobility of tradesmen for their better employment.
The Government of India have also decided to transfer the administration of the training matter under the Directorate General of Resettlement and Employment to the control of the State Government concerned, retaining for themselves the functions of co-ordinating craftsmen training and laying down the training policy. This decision has further accentuated the need for a central agency for assisting or advising the Central Government in the discharge of their responsibilities regarding Craftsmen Training. It has accordingly been decided, in consultation with the State governments and other concerned parties, to set up a National Council for Vocational Training. Accordingly with a view to ensure and maintain uniformity in the standards of training all over the country, the National Council for Vocational Training, an advisory body, was set up by the Government of India in the year 1956 ( The then National Council of Training in Vocational Trades(NCTVT) . The Council has been entrusted with the responsibilities of prescribing standards and curricula for Craftsmen Training, advising the Government of India on the overall policy and programmes, conducting All India Trade Tests and awarding National Trade Certificates. The National Council is chaired by the Union Minister of Labour & Employment , with members representing Central and State Government departments, employers’ and workers’ organisations, professional and learned bodies, All India Council for Technical Education, scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, All India Women’s Organisation, etc. The State Council for Vocational Training at the State level and the Sub Committees have been established to assist the National Council.